But what if you and your boss have very different views? It doesn’t matter which direction either of you leans with those views. If you believe different things, can your boss decide to fire you?
In most states, the answer is yes. The First Amendment doesn’t guarantee you a job. It just means that the government cannot pass laws to restrict your views. If you decide to speak up about those views at work, you can still get fired. That’s just the consequence you have to deal with.
However, while there is no federal protection against this, California and a handful of other states — like New York — have passed their own laws to protect workers and make them feel more secure. In these states, an employer “cannot discriminate based on employees’ political activities or beliefs.”
The one exception is when the employee’s view somehow interferes with the work they have to do. If you’re still doing your job at a high level, though, but you and your boss just do not see eye-to-eye on a few things, they can’t discriminate against you because of it.
Have you been fired illegally or discriminated against on the job? Make sure you understand your legal options before you decide what steps to take next.